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Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Open BAV

The opening of a BAV resembles the open mouth of a fish, leading to the term “fish mouth” valve.
Endocarditis Endocarditis and BAV Endocarditis is an infection of the heart valve. Once it develops, depending on the organism involved, it can be very difficult to treat. Intravenous antibiotics are used, and surgical repair or replacement of the valve also may be necessary. Those with abnormal heart valves, such as bicuspid aortic valves, and those whose valves have been replaced by an artificial valve (prosthesis) are prone to valve infection.  
Bicuspid Aortic Valve

Closed BAV

When closed, it may be difficult to distinguish a BAV from an aortic valve with all three leaflets.
Aortic Aneurysm

The aorta in those from BAV families may be enlarged and balloon out, which is called an aneurysm.
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